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Jan. 6 2021

On December 27, 2020, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (“CAA”) was signed into law.  The CAA contains both the COVID-Related Tax Relief Act of 2020 (COVIDTRA) and the Taxpayer Certainty and Disaster Tax Relief Act of 2020 (TCDTR).  In addition to providing for stimulus payments of $600 per taxpayer and qualifying child, the CAA also contains numerous tax provisions and extenders as follows:

Do note that any of the below provisions that are applicable to income tax at the state level, California may not conform.

Individual Provisions

Increased deduction for medical expenses – The CAA permanently decreases the limitation for deducting medical expenses to 7.5% of adjusted gross income (“AGI”).  Previous law only allowed for a deduction of medical expenses in excess of 10% of AGI.

Child Tax Credit & Earned Income Credit (“CTC” & “EIC”) – The CAA allows individuals to use their earned income from 2019, if greater, to calculate their CTC & EIC for 2020.

Charitable contributions for taxpayers who do not itemize deductions – The CARES act, passed earlier in 2020, created a new above-the-line deduction for charitable contributions made in 2020 for taxpayers who do not itemize deductions.  The maximum allowable deduction is $300 ($600 for a married couple).  The CAA extends this rule through 2021.

Income limitations for charitable contributions – Under previous law, charitable contributions to qualified organizations were generally limited to 60% of a taxpayer’s AGI.  The CARES act removed the limitation for 2020; the new Act also removes the limitation for 2021.

Education credits – The CAA removes the above the line deduction for tuition and fees in exchange for an expanded application of the Lifetime Learning credit.  This applies to tax years 2021 and beyond.

Exclusion from income for forgiveness of qualified principal residence indebtedness – Forgiveness of debt is generally included in taxable income.  An exception applied for forgiveness of debt that was used to acquire a personal residence.  The maximum which could be excluded was $2 million for a married couple.  This provision was set to expire in 2020.  The CAA extends this exclusion through 2025, but at a reduced amount of $750,000.

Mortgage insurance premiums – The CAA extends the deduction for qualified mortgage insurance premiums through 2021.

Retirement plan distributions – The CAA allows for distributions from retirement plans of up to $100,000 without being subject to the 10% penalty that applies to early retirement distributions.  The distribution, however, will be subject to income tax over a 3-year period.  This extends the relief provided in the CARES Act & expands the eligibility to all taxpayers.

Payroll Provisions

FSA Plans – Employers may choose to allow a carryover of unused funds from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022 or to extend the grace period for spending unused FSA funds to 12 months after the plan year.

Extension of Families First Coronavirus Response Act (“FFCRA”) credits for paid sick and family leave – The FFCRA, passed earlier in 2020, provided employers a payroll tax credit for paid sick and family leave due to COVID-19.  The Act extends this credit through March 31, 2021.

Employer tax credit for paid family and medical leave – Earlier tax law allowed businesses to claim a general business credit for paid family and medical leave up to 12 weeks per year.  The provision was set to expire at the end of 2020; the Act extends this credit through 2025.

Work opportunity credit – The work opportunity credit is available to employers for hiring individuals from certain targeted groups.  The credit was set to expire at the end of 2020.  The CAA extends the credit through 2025.

Expansion of Employee Retention Credit (“ERC”) – The CARES Act provided a 50% credit for companies who continued to pay their employees during a COVID-19 imposed lockdown.  The CAA expands eligibility for the ERC, increases the credit to 70%, and extends the credit through June 30, 2021.

Extension of deferred payroll taxes – President Trump signed an executive memorandum in August 2020 allowing employers to defer the employee’s share of social security taxes between September 1, 2020 and December 31, 2020.  The taxes were required to be repaid through a reduction in the employee’s pay between January 1, 2021 and April 30, 2021.  The CAA extends the required repayment period to December 31, 2021.

Employer payment of student loans – The CAA extends the current CARES act provision which allows employers to repay education loans incurred by their employees, which was set to expire at the end of 2020.  The CAA extends the provision to 2025.  The maximum annual payment is $5,250.

Business Tax Provisions

Deductions for expenses paid using PPP loan proceeds – The CAA clarifies the original intention of the PPP loan program and allows for full deduction of any expense paid for using PPP loan proceeds.

Bringing back the business lunch – The CAA temporarily allows for a full 100% deduction for meals provided by restaurants that are paid or incurred in 2021 or 2022.

Qualified disaster relief contributions – The CAA creates a new category of “qualified disaster relief contributions” for qualifying contributions made to organizations for disaster relief efforts.  Contributions must be made between January 1, 2020 and 60 days after passage of the Act.  Corporations could receive a deduction of up to 100% of taxable income.

Accelerated depreciation of residential rental property for electing real property trade or business – Real property trades or businesses subject to the interest expense limitations of 163(j) may choose to make an election.  Under the election, the interest limitations will not apply; however, the taxpayer must use ADS depreciation rules resulting in a longer useful life and lower depreciation expense each year.  Under prior law, residential rental property placed in service prior to January 1, 2018 was subject to a 40-year ADS useful life.  The CAA changes this to a 30-year ADS useful life if the taxpayer was not subject to ADS prior to January 1, 2018.

December 27, 2020

 

On December 27, 2020, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (“CAA”) was signed into law.  The CAA contains both the COVID-Related Tax Relief Act of 2020 (COVIDTRA) and the Taxpayer Certainty and Disaster Tax Relief Act of 2020 (TCDTR).  In addition to providing for stimulus payments of $600 per taxpayer and qualifying child, the CAA also contains numerous tax provisions and extenders as follows:

Do note that any of the below provisions that are applicable to income tax at the state level, California may not conform.

Individual Provisions

Increased deduction for medical expenses – The CAA permanently decreases the limitation for deducting medical expenses to 7.5% of adjusted gross income (“AGI”).  Previous law only allowed for a deduction of medical expenses in excess of 10% of AGI.

Child Tax Credit & Earned Income Credit (“CTC” & “EIC”) – The CAA allows individuals to use their earned income from 2019, if greater, to calculate their CTC & EIC for 2020.

Charitable contributions for taxpayers who do not itemize deductions – The CARES act, passed earlier in 2020, created a new above-the-line deduction for charitable contributions made in 2020 for taxpayers who do not itemize deductions.  The maximum allowable deduction is $300 ($600 for a married couple).  The CAA extends this rule through 2021.

Income limitations for charitable contributions – Under previous law, charitable contributions to qualified organizations were generally limited to 60% of a taxpayer’s AGI.  The CARES act removed the limitation for 2020; the new Act also removes the limitation for 2021.

Education credits – The CAA removes the above the line deduction for tuition and fees in exchange for an expanded application of the Lifetime Learning credit.  This applies to tax years 2021 and beyond.

Exclusion from income for forgiveness of qualified principal residence indebtedness – Forgiveness of debt is generally included in taxable income.  An exception applied for forgiveness of debt that was used to acquire a personal residence.  The maximum which could be excluded was $2 million for a married couple.  This provision was set to expire in 2020.  The CAA extends this exclusion through 2025, but at a reduced amount of $750,000.

Mortgage insurance premiums – The CAA extends the deduction for qualified mortgage insurance premiums through 2021.

Retirement plan distributions – The CAA allows for distributions from retirement plans of up to $100,000 without being subject to the 10% penalty that applies to early retirement distributions.  The distribution, however, will be subject to income tax over a 3-year period.  This extends the relief provided in the CARES Act & expands the eligibility to all taxpayers.

Payroll Provisions

FSA Plans – Employers may choose to allow a carryover of unused funds from 2020 to 2021 and from 2021 to 2022 or to extend the grace period for spending unused FSA funds to 12 months after the plan year.

Extension of Families First Coronavirus Response Act (“FFCRA”) credits for paid sick and family leave – The FFCRA, passed earlier in 2020, provided employers a payroll tax credit for paid sick and family leave due to COVID-19.  The Act extends this credit through March 31, 2021.

Employer tax credit for paid family and medical leave – Earlier tax law allowed businesses to claim a general business credit for paid family and medical leave up to 12 weeks per year.  The provision was set to expire at the end of 2020; the Act extends this credit through 2025.

Work opportunity credit – The work opportunity credit is available to employers for hiring individuals from certain targeted groups.  The credit was set to expire at the end of 2020.  The CAA extends the credit through 2025.

Expansion of Employee Retention Credit (“ERC”) – The CARES Act provided a 50% credit for companies who continued to pay their employees during a COVID-19 imposed lockdown.  The CAA expands eligibility for the ERC, increases the credit to 70%, and extends the credit through June 30, 2021.

Extension of deferred payroll taxes – President Trump signed an executive memorandum in August 2020 allowing employers to defer the employee’s share of social security taxes between September 1, 2020 and December 31, 2020.  The taxes were required to be repaid through a reduction in the employee’s pay between January 1, 2021 and April 30, 2021.  The CAA extends the required repayment period to December 31, 2021.

Employer payment of student loans – The CAA extends the current CARES act provision which allows employers to repay education loans incurred by their employees, which was set to expire at the end of 2020.  The CAA extends the provision to 2025.  The maximum annual payment is $5,250.

Business Tax Provisions

Deductions for expenses paid using PPP loan proceeds – The CAA clarifies the original intention of the PPP loan program and allows for full deduction of any expense paid for using PPP loan proceeds.

Bringing back the business lunch – The CAA temporarily allows for a full 100% deduction for meals provided by restaurants that are paid or incurred in 2021 or 2022.

Qualified disaster relief contributions – The CAA creates a new category of “qualified disaster relief contributions” for qualifying contributions made to organizations for disaster relief efforts.  Contributions must be made between January 1, 2020 and 60 days after passage of the Act.  Corporations could receive a deduction of up to 100% of taxable income.

Accelerated depreciation of residential rental property for electing real property trade or business – Real property trades or businesses subject to the interest expense limitations of 163(j) may choose to make an election.  Under the election, the interest limitations will not apply; however, the taxpayer must use ADS depreciation rules resulting in a longer useful life and lower depreciation expense each year.  Under prior law, residential rental property placed in service prior to January 1, 2018 was subject to a 40-year ADS useful life.  The CAA changes this to a 30-year ADS useful life if the taxpayer was not subject to ADS prior to January 1, 2018.

Tax Alerts
Tax Briefing(s)

  Rental Real Estate as Qualified Business Income Deduction effective to December 31, 2025

 If you operate a rental real estate business, you may qualify to claim the business income deduction under Section 199A in one of two ways- details in our article detail.

 


For years 2021 and 2022 only,  Meals and entertainment 100% deductible  under certain conditions.  California does not conform and will limit deduction to 50%.

 


The Internal Revenue Service announced a new Voluntary Disclosure Program that gives at employers who received erroneous Employee Retention Credit funds the opportunity pay them back at a discounted rate.


The IRS has provided certain eligible taxpayers with automatic relief from additions to tax for failure to pay income tax for tax years 2020 and 2021Relief is only available to taxpayers who filed an eligible return during the relief period, which begins on either the date the IRS issued an initial balance due notice or February 5, 2022, whichever is later, ends on March 31, 2024.


The IRS has issued final regulations regarding the de minimis safe harbors from the penalties under Code Sec. 6721 for failure to file information returns and Code Sec. 6722 for failure to furnish payee statements. The regulations also include the time and manner a payee may elect out of the safe harbor, as well as rules on reporting basis of securities by brokers as it relates to the de minimis safe harbors. The final regulations adopt the 2018 proposed regulations with only minor modifications.


The Treasury Department and the IRS have issued guidance pertaining to the new credit for qualified commercial clean vehicles, established by the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (P.L. 117-169). Notice 2024-5 establishes a safe harbor regarding the incremental cost of certain qualified commercial clean vehicles placed in service in calendar year 2024.


The IRS and the Department of Treasury (the Treasury) have announced that they intend to propose regulations to implement the product identification number (PIN) requirement with respect to the energy efficient home improvement credit under Code Sec. 25C as amended by the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (IRA) (P. L. 117-169). The IRS has also requested comments on the PIN requirement under Code Sec. 25C(h) (PIN requirement) by February 27, 2024.


Taxpayers may rely on an IRS notice that describes forthcoming regulations for the alternative fuel vehicle refueling property credit. The notice focuses on the census tract requirement added by the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (P.L. 117-169). 


The IRS has provided relief from the failure to furnish a payee statement penalty under Code Sec. 6722 to certain partnerships with unrealized receivables or inventory items described in Code Sec. 751(a) (Section 751 property) that fail to furnish, by the due date specified in Reg. §1.6050K-1(c)(1), Part IV of Form 8308, Report of a Sale or Exchange of Certain Partnership Interests, to the transferor and transferee in a Section 751(a) exchange that occurred in calendar year 2023.


The IRS has issued a notice addressing the availability of administrative exemptions from the requirement to file certain returns and other documents in electronic form. The notice also addresses the availability of information about the procedure to request a waiver of the requirement to file electronically Forms 1120, 1120-S, 1120-F, and 1065. In addition, thr IRS has provided information about resources pertaining to failed attempts to electronically file Forms 1120, 1120-S, and 1120-F using IRS filing systems.


Although 2023 was a year of transition for the IRS and taxpayers, National Taxpayer Advocate Erin Collins has reason to be more optimistic for 2024.


An increased emphasis on millionaires who may be evading taxes by Internal Revenue Service compliance staff has resulted in collection of $482 million to date, agency Commissioner Daniel Werfel reported.


Department of the Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen touted the corporate transparency that will come with the new beneficial ownership reporting requirements, which went into effect at the start of 2024.


The IRS has released additional Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loan forgiveness guidance.